Amazon Rainforest – Densest Jungle in the world!
The Amazon rainforest which stretches across nine South American countries: Brazil, Columbia, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana, is said to be the Densest Jungle/Rainforest in the world.
The nine countries which share the Amazon rainforest share by the following percentage: 58.4% is contained within the borders of Brazil, the other eight countries include Peru with 12.8%, Bolivia with 7.7%, Colombia with 7.1%, Venezuela with 6.1%, Guyana with 3.1%, Suriname with 2.5%, French Guyana with 1.4%, and Ecuador with 1%.
The rainforest which houses nearly 500 indigenous communities, can create its own weather and influence climates around the world. And because of this, the fragile ecosystem faces the constant threat of deforestation and has seen devastating wildland fires this year.
There have been 72,843 fires in Brazil in 2019, with more than half within the Amazon region. In August 2019 there were a record number of fires. Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon rose more than 88% in June 2019 compared with the same month in 2018.
The Amazon houses some of the world’s most charismatic plants and animals from pond-hopping poison frogs to spotted jaguars slinking around in the dead of night.
Amazon is home to 10 percent of the species in the world, according to the World Wildlife Fund.
There are more than 2.5 million species of insect that scuttle through the leaf litter. It contains roughly 1,300 bird species, 3,000 species of fish and approximately 430 species of mammals, according to National Geographic.
These animals play an important role in keeping the rainforest healthy. For instance, important nutrients from the carcasses, feces, and food scraps deposited by mammals leech into the forest floor. This nutrient influx helps soil microbes better store carbon instead of releasing it into the atmosphere.
Wide Variety Of Plant Life
More than 40,000 plant species have been found in the Amazon rainforest. Many of them have important medicinal uses or are found in the foods we eat. Chocolate, vanilla, cinnamon, pepper, and coffee are grown in the rainforest. Rubber trees produce a sticky, white latex sap that holds our planet together and provides a source of income for indigenous communities living in the rainforest.
The Amazon’s plants play an active role in regulating the ecosystem. As plants in the Amazon photosynthesize, they create their own weather. Through a process called transpiration, plants release water vapor from pores along the underside of their leaves. This moisture influx sustains life by seeding thick bands of clouds that keep water locked in the lush forest and flowing into river that supply communities downstream.
This phenomenon doesn’t just impact weather in the Amazon. As the rain falls over the forest, warm air rises high into the atmosphere, pulling even more moisture in from the ocean thousands of miles away.
The Amazon River is the second longest river in the world, next to the Nile.
Its winding waterways cover roughly nearly 4,000 miles, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. The Amazon has the highest rate of rainfall in the world, according to National Geographic. More than 3,700 cubic miles of rainwater fall from the sky each year.
Biodiversity along the Amazon River and its surrounding wetlands is incredibly rich. The winding river is home to numerous species including red bellied piranha, pancake stingrays, bull sharks, black caiman crocodiles, and the endangered pink river dolphin. A recent study suggested that wetlands in the Amazon hold over 53 percent of the more than 6,727 tree species counted in the Amazon.